How Do Lithium Batteries Work?

If you’re asking the question: “How do lithium batteries work?” it’s important to get down to the basics of how a normal battery works. A battery converts chemical energy into electrical energy when one part of the battery becomes positively charged, and the other becomes negatively charged. In the same way, lithium batteries have an anode (negative) and a cathode (positive) end. The positively charged lithium ions move from the anode to the cathode, releasing some electrons from the anode, making a positive charge at the positive current collector.

Our devices need current to work, so from the positive current collector, electricity flows to our devices and then to a negative current collector. This is discharging. When you charge a device that contains a lithium battery, the opposite happens: the lithium ions move from the cathode to the anode.

What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of a Lithium-Ion Battery?

It’s important to weigh the benefits and the drawbacks of a lithium-ion battery in your system.

Here are its pros:
  • Cheaper to produce
  • High power density
  • Easy to maintain
  • Longer battery life
Here are its cons:
  • Fragile
  • Tendency to overheat

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